Discover Our Eye Care Services
Welcome to Swastik Eye Hospital. Discover our comprehensive eye care services, designed to meet the unique needs of each patient.ur commitment to patient-centered care means that we work closely with you to create a personalized treatment plan that fits your needs and lifestyle. Explore our services and book an appointment today to take the first step towards optimal eye health and clear vision.
A cataract is a clouding of the natural lens of the eye, which can cause vision problems such as blurriness, sensitivity to light, and difficulty seeing in low light conditions. Cataracts are a common eye condition, especially in older people, and can also be caused by injury, medications, or certain medical conditions. The clouding of the lens occurs as proteins in the lens break down and clump together, reducing the clarity of the lens and the quality of vision. Cataracts can be treated with surgery, which involves removing the cloudy lens and replacing it with an artificial one.
What is Cataract ?
Inside your eye you have a lens. This works like a camera lens, focusing light in order for you to see.
It is clear when you are young, but becomes progressively cloudier and more yellow as you age. This clouding of the lens is called a cataract. Over time, the cataract causes your vision to become more blurred and you may find yourself more sensitive to light.
Who develops cataracts?
Cataract development is a normal part of the ageing process, so everyone develops a degree of cataract as they get older. However, it can also occur at a younger age, where it may be related to injury to the eye, medication use (such as steroids), or chronic illnesses such as diabetes.
When should I have cataract surgery?
It is only worth having Cataract surgery when you feel the cataract is starting to affect your vision. In the early stages of a cataract, often a change in glasses prescription is enough. People commonly ask us if their cataract is ‘ripe’ or ‘ready’. With modern surgical techniques, we can perform surgery at any stage when the cataract is affecting your daily life. Cataract surgery aims to improve your vision. Once the cataract is removed you should be able to see more clearly. Your colour perception may also improve.
What does cataract surgery involve?
Cataract surgery involves removing your cloudy lens and replacing it with an artificial Intraocular lens. It is
normally performed as day surgery under Topical anaesthetic, so you are awake but your eye will not feel much pain. You will not be able to see properly during the operation, but you may notice bright
lights or colours.
We make small incisions (cuts) in the side of the eye and use ultrasound probes in a technique called ‘phacoemulsification’ to remove your cataract, and then replace it with the artificial lens.
Do I have to wear glasses after the surgery?
Need for glasses after surgery depends on the type of intraocular Lens implanted during cataract surgery.
In most cases we aim for you to see as well as possible without glasses for distance. However, you will need new reading glasses after the operation. Rarely, you may end up being more long sighted or short sighted than we had anticipated. If this occurs, you may need a glasses prescription or a further procedure.
Intraocular lenses (IOLs) are artificial lenses that are implanted in the eye during cataract surgery or as a treatment for other eye conditions that affect the natural lens. These lenses replace the cloudy or damaged natural lens, and can restore clear vision to the eye. IOLs have revolutionized cataract surgery, allowing for faster recovery times and improved outcomes compared to the older method of removing the natural lens and using thick glasses or contact lenses for vision correction.
Intraocular lens is the lens inserted in your eye during cataract surgery to provide clear vision after the eye operation.
Many types of lenses are available. The best lens for your eye depends on various factors including your visual needs and lifestyle. Detailed scans of the eye done before cataract surgery will help your doctor to guide you with the lens best suited for your eye.
Standard Monofocal Lens:
Monofocal lens is an intraocular lens designed to correct distance vision, and the patient will need to use glasses for near work after cataract surgery. Monofocal lenses with aspheric designs correct the optical abberations in the eye for superior quality of vision.
Toric Intraocular lens:
These lenses are designed to correct corneal astigmatism or cylindrical refractive errors in patients undergoing cataract surgery.
Multifocal Intraocular lens:
These lenses are deigned for clear vision for distance and near after cataract surgery. Enables the patient to lead a life free from glasses, with clear near and distance vision.
Laser vision correction
Laser vision correction is a type of surgical procedure that uses lasers to reshape the cornea of the eye in order to improve vision. The most common type of laser vision correction is known as LASIK (laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis).During LASIK, a surgeon creates a flap in the cornea and then uses a laser to remove a small amount of tissue from the underlying corneal layer to change its shape. This reshaping of the cornea helps to correct vision problems such as nearsightedness, farsightedness, and astigmatism.
Laser vision correction
Laser Vision correction surgery is designed to provide freedom from glasses and contact lenses. Laser light is used to reshape the cornea to correct the refractive errors like Myopia, Hypermetropia and Astigmatism.
Any person above the age of 18years, with a stable refractive error for at least one year can plan laser vision correction surgery. A detailed pre operative evaluation is done to choose the appropriate type of surgery for vision correction
Are there different types of LASIK Laser eye surgeries ?
There are multiple different types of laser surgeries. LASIK, PRK , Customised LASIK, Bladeless LASIK and ReLEx SMILE. You can discuss with your surgeon to choose the treatment best suited for your eye. LASIK involves creation of a thin flap of the cornea before excimer laser ablation of the cornea, whereas PRK treatment is done on the surface of the cornea. After PRK, recovery takes 2-3 days with patient experiencing mild pain, discomfort and hazy vision.
What is ReLEx SMILE ?
ReLEx SMILE (Refractive Lenticule Extraction, Small Incision Lenticule Extraction) is a minimally invasive, bladeless form of laser eye surgery which does not require creation of a corneal Flap.
Is the surgery painful ?
During surgery anesthetic eye drops are used to numb the eye. Most patients do not feel pain, but can experience a light pressure sensation during the procedure.
Is LASIK a permanent correction ?
The goal of LASIK / ReLEx SMILE is to eliminate or reduce the dependence on glasses or contact lenses. The vision correction for distance vision is permanent in a vast majority of patients. Most patients would need reading glasses after the age of 40 years. Rarely, some patients might need a second ‘Touch up’ Procedure to correct residual refractive error.
Implantable Contact Lens
An implantable contact lens (ICL) is a type of vision correction procedure that involves inserting a small, artificial lens inside the eye to correct refractive errors such as nearsightedness, farsightedness, and astigmatism.Unlike traditional contact lenses that sit on the surface of the eye, ICLs are placed inside the eye in front of the natural lens. The lens is typically made of a soft, foldable material that can be inserted through a small incision and then placed in position in front of the natural lens.
Implantable Contact Lens
What is ICL ?
Implantable Contact Lens is a customized lens inserted in the eye to correct the refractive errors like Myopia, Hyperopia and Astigmatism. It is made of Collamer material ( Polymer of Collagen and acrylic). Collagen makes the lens biocompatible and induces little or no inflammation in the eye.
What is the range of refractive correction achieved by ICL ?
ICL can correct myopia upto -19 D, Hyperopia upto 10 D and Astigmatism upto 6D.
Am I a suitable candidate for ICL ?
The refraction had to be stable for at least 12 months. Your doctor will need to do some scans of the eye to measure the available space in the eye to place the lens safely ( ACD ) and a dilated retinal examination. Based on all the tests, you eye doctor will determine the safety of the procedure.
What are the advantages of ICL over LASER Vision correction ?
– Quick Procedure
– Potentially reversivle
– Excellent quality of vsion
– Minimal Glare and dryness
– High patient satisfaction
What are the side effects of ICL implantation ?
ICL has been in clinical use for more than 15 years. It has a proven clinical safety and is approved for clinical use by the US FDA.There are minimal or no side effects. Some patients can have a transient increase in intraocular pressure, or glare and haloes in the evening. Rarely, patients can develop an early Cataract in the eye implanted with ICL
Is it a reversible procedure ?
Unlike Laser vision correction treatments, ICL implantation is potentially reversible. The ICL can be explanted if need be, and the patient goes back to his original glasses or contact lens.
General Eye Care
General eye care refers to the routine care and maintenance of eye health, as well as the prevention and management of eye diseases and conditions. It includes a range of services and practices aimed at protecting and improving vision and eye health, such as: Comprehensive eye exams, Prescription eyewear, Management of eye diseases and conditions, Education and counseling, etc.
Contact lenses are thin, curved lenses that are placed directly on the surface of the eye to correct vision problems. They can be used to correct refractive errors such as nearsightedness, farsightedness, and astigmatism.Contact lenses are typically made of soft, flexible materials that conform to the shape of the eye. They are available in a variety of types, including daily disposable, weekly disposable, monthly disposable, and extended wear. There are also specialty contact lenses designed for specific conditions, such as toric lenses for astigmatism and multifocal lenses for presbyopia.
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Diabetic retinopathy is a complication of diabetes that affects the eyes. It occurs when high blood sugar levels cause damage to the blood vessels in the retina, the part of the eye that senses light and sends signals to the brain.Over time, the blood vessels in the retina may become weakened, leaky, or blocked, which can lead to a variety of vision problems. These can include blurred or distorted vision, floaters, dark or empty areas in the field of vision, and difficulty seeing at night.
Diabetes mellitus affects a common systemic disease, it is associated with increase in the blood sugar levels. Prolonged and poorly controlled diabetes causes vascular complications in major organs like Brain, Eyes, Heart and Kidneys.
What are the effects of Diabetes on the eye?
Diabetes affects the small blood vessels in the retina ( nerve of the eye), this is termed as Diabetic retinopathy, The small blood vessels or capillaries become leaky causing small bleeding in the retina, new blood vessels may develop in advanced stages. These new vessels are fragile and have a tendency bo bleed and cause sudden loss of vision. Diabetes is also known to cause early cataract, and glaucoma in some patients.
Who is at risk of Diabetic retinopathy?
Almost one third of the patients with diabetes develop some form of diabetic retinopathy. Most patients with diabetes for more than 15 years, and those with poor control of blood sugar levels are prone to develop diabetic retinopathy.
What are the symptoms of Diabetic retinopathy ?
Diabetic retinopahty does not cause symptoms in early stages when treatment is effective. vision loss occurs late in the disease. Hence, Periodic screening of all diabetic patients is important to avoid vision loss due to diabetic retinopathy.
What are the treatment options ?
The most important step in management of diabetic retinopathy is intensive blood sugar control.
There are no medicines to treat diabetic retinopathy. Retinal Laser is the treatment of choice, it can reduce the chance of vision loss by more than 50%. Injections given to the eye help in reducing swelling of the retina. Retinal surgery is required in patients with recurrent bleeding or structural damage to the retina.
Does treatment restore normal vision ?
Diabetic retinopathy leads to permanent damage to the retina. All treatment modalities help to retain existing vision.
How frequently is eye examination required in a diabetic patient?
All Diabetic patients should have at least one comprehensive eye examination every year. Patients with moderate to severe retinopathy need more frequent follow ups.
Diabetic retinopathy is one of the leading causes of preventable blindness in the world. With good sugar control and periodic eye examinations, we can retain good vision and ensure good quality of life for the patients.
Glaucoma services are specialized services provided by eye care professionals to diagnose, manage, and treat glaucoma, a group of eye diseases that cause damage to the optic nerve and can lead to vision loss and blindness.Glaucoma services typically involve a comprehensive eye exam that includes measuring eye pressure, examining the optic nerve, testing visual acuity and visual fields, and assessing the drainage angle of the eye. Additional testing, such as optical coherence tomography (OCT) or gonioscopy, may also be used to evaluate the extent of glaucoma damage.
Glaucoma is an eye condition where the optic Nerve of the eye gets damaged, most commonly associated with a high pressure in the eye. However, some patients exprience loss of vision even with normal eye pressure (Intraocular pressure)This causes a slow but irreversible loss of vision. Glaucoma is one of the leading causes of preventable blindness in the world.
What Causes Glaucoma ?
The exact cause of glaucoma is not known. There is clogging or structural blockage to fluid drainage from the eye, leading to increased pressure in the eye. Any injury, or inflammation can also lead to an increased eye pressure. In some families, Glaucoma is hereditary.
Who gets Glaucoma ?
Glaucoma is mostly seen in adults over the age of 40 years. Diabetic patients, and patients with near sightedness (Myopia) are more prone to develop glaucom with increased eye pressure.
What are the types of Glaucoma?
There are two broad categories of glaucoma. Open angle glaucoma, where the drainage channels of the eye show microscopic clogging leading to increased resistance to fluid drainage. Closed angle glaucoma, where the drainage channels are structurally blocked minimising the access of fluid to these channels
What are the symptoms of glaucoma?
Most patients with open angle glaucoma have NO symptoms, it causes slow, painless permanent loss of vision. Symptoms like blurring of vision are noticed in moderately advanced stages of the disease.
Patients with closed angle glaucoma might experience pain, blurred vision, redness and colored halos.
How do patients know if they have glaucoma?
A comprehensive eye examination done yearly can detect early stages of glaucoma. The patient might need Visual Fields test and Nerve scans of the eye to detect and monitor progression of Glaucoma.
How is Glaucoma treated ?
Most patients are treated with prescription eye drops to reduce the eye pressure. Some patients need laser treatment for the eye to enhance drainage of fluid from the eye. Trabeculectomy eye surgery is required in a small percentage of patients.
Do Glaucoma patients go Blind ?
Glaucoma detected and treated early can be controlled to prevent further vision loss. However, patients not on regular treatment slowly lose the peripheral vision and finally the central vision leading to blindness.
Can vision be restored with treatment?
Glaucoma causes irreversible damage to vision. Unfortunately, vision lost due to glaucoma can not be restored with treatment. This is the reason why an yearly comprehensive examination can help in early detection and management to prevent vision loss.